CARES Act: Paycheck Protection Program Q&A
President Trump signed into law the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act) on March 27,2020. The CARES Act includes a Paycheck Protection Program designed to assist qualifying participants in keeping employees employed and otherwise assisting small businesses during the COVID-19 pandemic.
This article was updated May 4, 2020.
The U.S. Senate passed the Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”) on March 25, 2020, which included a Paycheck Protection Program (Read our post “SBA Issued Updated Interim Final Rule and Application for the Paycheck Protection Program.”) designed to assist qualifying participants in keeping employees employed and otherwise assisting small businesses during the COVID-19 pandemic. This legislation was signed into law on March 27, 2020. The act enabled the Small Business Administration (SBA) to guarantee paycheck protection loans for the period of February 15, 2020 to June 30, 2020. (Updated May 4, 2020.)
Do I qualify for a Payroll Protection Loan? (Updated May 4, 2020)
If you are a business concern, nonprofit organization, veterans organization or Tribal business concern that: (i) is a “small business” qualified by the SBA; (ii) is an Accommodation or Food Service employer with an NAICS code of 72, with no more than 500 employees at each physical location; (iii) employs no more than 500 employees in your entire workforce across all affiliates; (iv) is a franchise with no more than 500 employees regardless of those employed by affiliates; or (v) has an employee count satisfying SBA “small business” employee count limitations based on NAICS codes, or if you are (vi) an individual operating under a sole proprietorship or as an independent contractor; (vii) a qualified self-employed individual; or (viii) a recipient of financial assistance from a Small Business Investment Company or a Specialized Small Business Investment Company, you may qualify for participation in the Paycheck Protection Program. For more information specific to PPP loans, read our Use of Funds and Forgiveness Q&A.
Participation is ordinarily not available to business that:
- are employers of household employees (such as nannies or housekeepers);
- are financial businesses;
- are passive businesses owned by developers and landlords;
- derive more than one-third of gross revenue from legal gambling activities; and
- are private clubs and businesses which limit the number of memberships for reasons other than capacity.
Qualification is nuanced and you should consult your legal and professional advisors.
How does the SBA determine the number of employees? (Updated May 4, 2020)
When determining whether your business qualifies for this program, the SBA will include in your total employees all individuals employed on a full-time, part-time or other basis. You will likely be asked for an average employee count based on the immediately preceding 12 months. For businesses with seasonal workers, lenders may consider eligibility based on the 8-week period from February 15, 2019, and June 30, 2019. Read the interim final rule on seasonal employees here.
What if I have received an Economic Injury Disaster Loan? (Updated April 3, 2020)
You may participate in the Paycheck Protection Program if you have received an Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) so long as the EIDL funds are not used for a duplicate permitted use of Paycheck Protection Program funds (payroll costs, certain benefits, salaries and commissions, interest on mortgage obligations and other qualified debts, rent and utilities). If you participate in the Paycheck Protection Program, you may not be able to take advantage of certain other provisions of the CARES Act such as employment tax credits available under § 2301(j) of the Act. You should consult your legal and professional advisors to determine if a pending application or current EIDL loan disqualifies you from this program.
How much may I borrow? (Updated April 3, 2020)
The maximum loan amount under this program is the lesser of:
1) The sum of:
a) 2.5 times the average monthly payroll costs for the 12 month period immediately preceding the date the loan is made; plus
b) The outstanding balance of any Emergency Economic Injury Disaster Loan (EIDL) made between January 31, 2020 and the date of the covered loan; or
How may I use a Paycheck Protection Loan? (Updated April 3, 2020)
In general, during the period of February 15, 2020 – June 30, 2020, you may use the borrowed funds for the following uses – you will have to provide documentation substantiating the actual paid expense:
1) Payroll Costs (including salary, wages, commissions, payment for vacation, parental, family, medical or sick leave, severance, insurance benefits and premiums, retirement benefits, state and local payroll taxes all subject to certain wage and salary caps of $100,000);
2) Costs of continuing group health care benefits during periods of paid sick, medical or family leave and insurance premiums;
3) Employee salaries, commissions or similar compensation;
4) Payments of interest on any mortgage obligation (excluding prepayment or payment of principal);
5) Rent (including rent under a lease agreement);
6) Utilities; and
7) Interest on other qualifying debt incurred during the period of February 15, 2020 – June 30, 2020.
What portion of the Paycheck Protection Program Loan will be forgiven? (Updated April 3, 2020)
Paycheck Protection Loan funds used for “permitted uses” during the eight-week period following loan origination will be forgiven following application by the borrower and submission of supporting documentation. In addition, qualified employers paying additional wages to tipped employees may seek forgiveness for such additional wages. Any loan forgiveness will not exceed the principal amount of the loan. The forgivable amount may be reduced if a borrower reduces the total number of full time equivalent employees (FTE) to a number less than its total FTE count on February 15, 2020, and does not restore FTE counts to February 15, 2020, levels on or before June 30, 2020. The forgivable amount may also be decreased if a borrower reduces the wages or salaries of any employee earning less than $100,000 annually by more than 25% and such reductions are not restored to the amount each employee received during the quarter immediately preceding the loan origination date on or before June 30, 2020.
What if an employee refuses to return to work? (Updated May 4, 2020)
If you have laid off an employee, and after receiving a CARES Act loan tried to rehire the employee, but the employee refused to return to work, you may fall within an exception. You must have offered to rehire for the same salary, wages, and number of hours. If you made a good faith, written offer of rehire, and have documented the employee’s rejection, you may fall within the exception.
What if a portion of my loan is not forgiven? (Updated April 3, 2020)
Any portion of a Paycheck Protection Program loan that is not forgiven will be paid back over a term not to exceed 10 years with interest not exceeding 1%. Repayment of principal, interest and related fees for any loan under the Paycheck Protection Program will be deferred for a period of 6-12 months.
CARES Act Paycheck Protection Program Useof Funds and Forgiveness Q&A
SBA Issued Updated Interim Final Rule and Application for the Paycheck Protection Program
CARES Act: Paycheck Protection Program Q&A for the Hospitality Industry